History of Skiathos
Skiathos is an island with a long history in time. According to historical research, the first inhabitants of Skiathos were the Pelasgians. In the 8th century BC, the first Halkidian settlers reached the island. During the Persian Wars, Skiathos fought on the side of the Athenians.
In 478 BC Skiathos entered the First Athenian Alliance and in 378 BC it allied again with the Athenians, in the Second Athenian Alliance. In 146 BC Skiathos came under the domination of the Romans. In 1204, the Venetian rule begins in the Aegean islands. And in 1207 Skiathos is captured one more time by the Venetians Brothers Gizi, who also built Bourtzi.
The island remained under Venetian rule until 1538, where after a siege of 6 days, it was conquered by the Turks. Under the Turkish command, the island suffered many hardships.
During the revolution of 1821, Skiathos became a shelter for Kolokotronis. Freedom for Skiathos came in 1830, where according to the Treaty of London all the Sporades islands were incorporated into Greece.
During the Second World War, the town of Skiathos was almost destroyed by German bombings. On September 14, 1943 the Germans sank a submarine with heroes from Skiathos and on August 23, 1944 they burned the island and executed seven young men.
These are the most important events in the history of Skiathos. Furthermore, during that period of time the Castle became an essential refuge for many Greeks, British and Australians.